EM Technology: Preventive Measures Against The Avian Influenza

EM Technology: Preventive Measures Against The Avian Influenza

HPAI (Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza)

  • Originated from birds and infects domestic fowls.
  • Fever, comatose, and sudden death are typical symptoms.
  • High fatality rate, and highly contagious.
  • Rated as one of the most serious threats as per Office International des Epizooties (OIE)

*”Bird flu” shall herewith refer to HPAI

Links to Human Influenza

  • Originally, bird flu and human flu are separate from each other.
  • In recent years, high pathogenic influenza have appeared in humans
  • Nonetheless, the cases were few. But reported deaths increased from 30% in 1994 to 70% in 2004. The increase indicates a mutation in the toxicity strength.
  • There is a fear of a pandemic if the virus would mutate and be transmitted from human to human.

Overview of Bird Flu Outbreaks (1): (Virus strain/ year)

  • United States: H5N2 /1983
  • Mexico: H5N2 /1993
  • Australia: H7N7 /1975, 1976, 1983
    H7N3 /1992, 1994, 1997
  • Italy: H5N2 /1997, H7N1 /1999
  • Netherlands Belgium Germany: H7N7 /2003
  • Hong Kong: H5N1 /1997, 2001, 2002, 2003
  • South Korea: H5N1 /2003

Overview of Bird Flu Outbreaks (2): Latest Outbreak in 2004

  • Cambodia, China, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam, and Laos: H5N1
  • Pakistan: H7
  • Taiwan: H5N2
  • Canada: H7N3
  • United States: H5N2
  • South Africa: H5N2

Location: EMRO Tokyo


The control of H5N1 HPAI (Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza) in Asia is a complicated task, and there are a lot of proposals and measures being presented for the control of the said virus. At a practical level, use EM to enhance the biosecurity of poultry farms and associated premises.


Use EM as the Preventive Measure
  • Wash hands with EM dilution.
  • Gargle with EM dilution. (Gargling, though suggested, is at the decision of the farm)
EM Application Point 3
  • Spray EM1 at factories that process coagulated chicken blood for food.